right away. The Harappans probably got copper from present-day_____ , and even from _____ in West Asia (a) Rajasthan and Oman (b) Gujarat and Oman (c) … These discoveries revealed the vast spread of the civilization, which was clearly not restricted to the Indus valley – it extended till the Ghaggar-Hakra river systems. Black bangles were found here. A sacrificial fire alters found both in Lothal and Kalibangan suggesting medical and surgical skills. The presence of the dock points to the important role Lothal played in trade. MEDIUM. Other cities such as Kalibangan and Lothal had fire altars where sacrifices may from IAS CA-2342 at D.A.V. Question 16. Cemeteries excavated at several Indus sites like Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Kalibangan, Lothal and Ropar throws light on the burial practises of the Harappans. Excavations at Kalibangan The Early Harappans, 1960 1969. In the Sarangwala district of Ahmedabad in Gujarat. Many Indus Valley (or Harappan) sites have been discovered along the Ghaggar-Hakra beds. First discovered in 1954, Lothal was excavated from 1955-1960 by S R Rao of the Archaeological Survey of India. Lothal is believed to be 3,700 years old and is the only major port-town of the IVC, discovered so far. Lothal was a planet in the Outer Rim Territories. Trace its fascinating journey. The Dark Age of Indian history was the period between 1500 and 600 B.C. Extend of Indus Valley Civilization during the Mature Phase|Wikimedia Commons, The drainage system at Lothal|Wikimedia Commons, Artefacts from Lothal|National Museum, Delhi. "Evidence of this period consists of a citadel area over the 1.6 metre-thick early Harappan deposit in KLB-1 (the western mound of the site [Image 1]), a chessboard pattern 'lower And some cities like Mohenjodaro, Harappa, and Lothal had elaborate storehouses The houses, drains and streets were probably planned and built at the same time. Ornamental bricks, rectangular grave, five fire altars and an ivory comb have been found. writes Madhu Bala. B Egypt. Sites like Lothal, Dholavira, Kalibangan and Rakhigarhi were discovered during this intense phase of post-Independence archaeology. B. Chanhujadaro – Inkpot, Lipistic, ikkas of bronze. Answer: Mohenjodaro and Harappa 34 The seals found at Mohenjodaro is similar to the seals found at : A Afghanistan. Kalibangan site was discovered by Luigi Pio Tessitori, an Italian Indologist and linguist. At the northern end of the town is a basin with a vertical wall, an inlet and outlet channels. After its discovery cities like Mohenjodaro, Lothal, Dholavira and Kalibangan have also been discovered … Rao in 1957. In this page, you will find Chapter 3 In the Earliest Cities Extra Questions that will involve variety of questions like VSAQs, SAQs, and LAQs which will be very beneficial during the preparation of the examinations. Answer. Interesting Factoids About Dholavira ." The site itself is small, at 7 hectares, and is 18 times smaller than Mohenjo-daro. Amazingly, these were of uniform, standard and quality across the Indus civilization. D Wood. Cities, such as Kalibangan and Lothal had found (a) Special tools (b) Fire altars (c) Store houses (d) Great bath (b) Fire altars. Lothal. They include burial, cremation and burial of cremated remains in pots. Chapter 3 Class 6 History Extra Questions will improve your knowledge and answering the questions effectively in the exams. Literally meaning ‘soft gold’ in Kashmiri, the Pashmina has a truly illustrious and ancient past. In the clutch of discoveries made, Lothal marked a special milestone. Answer: Sumeria 35 The Indus Valley Houses Were Built of : A Bricks . C. 1, 2 and 3. B. The Upper Town or the citadel is located in the south-eastern corner and is demarcated by mud-brick platforms 4 metres high instead of a fortification wall. In India, the most substantial and well-preserved remains of this Bronze Age urban culture can be witnessed at Rakhigarhi in Haryana, Kalibangan in Rajasthan, Rupar in Punjab and Dholavira and Lothal in … It is believed that these floods may have ultimately destroyed it. The story of discovering Buddha’s relics and his home for the first 29 years of his life. Answer: (b) Fire altars. Our experts are building a solution for this. Answer. In southwestern Balochistan province, Pakistan on Dast river Sindh on the Indus river On the bank of Indus river Rajasthan on the bank of Ghaggar river Gujarat on Bhogva river Granary Bronze dancing girl … Stone seals with Harappan script have been found. The town also produced large quantities of fish hooks, chisels, spears and ornaments. • Harappa wass famous for its town planning and … Ans D. Lothal and Rangpur. Encontre diversos livros em Inglês e Outras Línguas com ótimos preços. The Harappan civilizations cover the area of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh (in India). Kalibangan stands on the left bank of the dry bed of the Saraswati River in northern Rajasthan. HARAPPA: • Harappa was the first place to be discovered in this civilization. Answer. From 2600 to 1900 BC, the Indus Valley or Harappan Civilisation was at the zenith of its maturity as a sophisticated and technologically advanced urban cultural centre. During the early years of the Galactic Empire, Lothal was in a state of economic disrepair and invited the Empire to take over the planet's industries, with the promise of prosperity and security. Surkotada. • The pre-Harappan stage is located in eastern Baluchistan. Sites in Sindh and west Punjab are in present-day (a) India (b) China (c) Pakistan (d) Nepal (c) Pakistan. Question 17. These altars suggest fire worship. 2 and 3. Lothal, also has revealed a huge dockyard for loading and unloading of goods. Sites like Lothal, Dholavira, Kalibangan and Rakhigarhi were discovered during this intense phase of post-Independence archaeology. International, New Delhi 2002, ISBN 978 - 81 - 7305 - 202 - 6. Harappa is 4700 years old city in the subcontinent, discovered in 1920. D. Lothal and Rangpur. A citadel, lower town and a dockyard on The’Bhoga River have been found. 11. People in villages neighbouring to Lothal had known of the presence of an ancient town and human remains. Post-Partition, in the early 1950s, the Archaeological Survey of India undertook a massive programme of exploration and excavation in western and northern India. At Kalibangan, fire altars have been discovered, similar to those found at Lothal which S.R. 13. Harappa culture came to an end about (a) 1500 B.C (b) 1000 B.C (c) 1600 B.C (d) 1800 B.C. C Bamboo. Ques6. (c) Kalibangan was located on the bank of river Ghaggar. Archaeologists have also identified the remains of stone anchors, marine shells and seals, which can be traced to the Persian Gulf. What really sets Lothal apart is its dock. Three forms of burials have been found at Mohenjo-Daro, viz., complete burials, (means the burial of the whole body along with the grave goods) fractional burials (burial of some bones after the exposure of the body to wild … He was a degree student at Florence and was doing work on Ram Charit Manas of Tulsidas, when he was appointed to head the Bardic and Historical Survey of Rajputana under the Asiatic Society of … In the Sarangwala district of Ahmedabad in Gujarat. Cylindrical seals, bangles of copper, and a wooden toy cart have also been found. A. Mohenjodaro or Mound of the dead – Clay figure of mother goddess, Dice, College. For a civilization so driven by trade, Lothal was undoubtedly an important centre, and echoes of this can still be heard in the legend of Sikotari, a Goddess believed to be worshipped at Lothal for millennia. Lothal 3. The board game of Ludo originated from ancient Indian game called Pachisi. The people of the Indus Valley Civilization were experts in many areas and gave us many scientific innovations like the compass, the ruler and advanced town planning. Lothal is surprisingly close to Ahmedabad, just 85 km away. The lower city has been laid out in a grid pattern of streets at Kalibangan. Upvote(0) How satisfied are you with the answer? If you have Telegram, you can view and join UPSC2020 by Ranganathan SVN Kondala right away. Lothal exported its beads, gemstones, ivory and shells in a network that stretched till Egypt, Bahrain and Sumer. B Stone. A. Interestingly, the name ‘Lothal’ comes from the local name of the place, roughly translated to ‘Mound of the Dead’ in Gujarati; Mohenjo-daro, 670 km from Lothal, means the same in Sindhi. While we still struggle to create functional infrastructure and drainage systems in the modern age, the drainage system of the Harappans, including that in Lothal, is renowned as an ancient marvel. 'Lothal' and Kalibangan are two of them. These were probably built to protect the town from tidal floods, which ravaged the city periodically. Swan Car: Bizarre, Weird...or Just Quirky? The Indus Valley or Harappan Civilization was grand in its scale and spread. • Harappa was the largest city in the Harappan Civilization. What are the important gods of Harappan civilization ? By 5 BBY, Lothal … The mother goddess and Proto-Shiva are the important gods of this civilization. Lothal was one of the most important centres of shell-working, owing to the abundance of high quality shells found in the Gulf of Kutch and near the Kathiawar coast. Public School, Chandrasekharpur Big fire altars are found at Kalibangan and Lothal used for performing sacrifices. Among the many other sites excavated, the most important are Kot Diji in Sindh, Kalibangan in Rajasthan, Rupar in Punjab, Banawali in Haryana, Lothal, Surkotada and Dholavira, all the three in Gujarat. Studs, a cogwheel and heart-shaped ornaments of faience and steatite were popular in Lothal. Get top class preparation for IAS right from your home: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention. A house floor containing the design of intersecting circles was found at Kalibangan. Within the citadel are wide streets, drains and rows of bathing platforms. Remarkably, Lothal is home to what is believed to be one of the oldest docks in the world and has many of the features that set the towns and cities of the Harappan civilisation apart from others elsewhere in the world. It displays many of the features that make the Harappan Civilization distinct, like the division of the town into two sections – the Upper Town and Lower Town – and advanced town planning. lothal= remains of horse, shipyard. "The site Kalibangan - literally 'black bangles' - derives its name for the dense distribution of the fragments of black bangles which were found at the surface of its mounds. At which place in Harappan Civilization a beared man in steatite has been found? Answer: (d) 1800 B.C. Kalibangan and Lothal had fire altars, where sacrifices may have been performed. Evidence of a global trade network in Lothal is the discovery of a typical Persian Gulf seal – a circular button seal. There is an evidence of Chess seemed to have been played by residents of Lothal. Banawali 4. 12. While the great cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were discovered by Sir John Marshall in the 1920s, it is astonishing that it would be 40 years before another significant Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) site – Lothal – would be found. B … [citation needed] The larger cities are approximately a hundred hectares in size. In this enclosure is a large structure identified as a warehouse with a square platform and whose partly charred walls retain the impression of sealings. D. None of these. As … The meaning of Lothal (a combination of Loth and (s) thal) in Gujarati to be "the mound of the dead" is not unusual, as the name of the city of Mohenjo-daro in Sindhi means the same. Satellite images show that the river channel, now dry, would have brought in considerable volumes of water during high tide. The largest collection of archaeological artefacts in Indian archaeology comes from Lothal, and among the more fascinating remains are their equipment – metal tools, weights, measures, seals, earthenware – and ornaments. A car that earned it’s owner the nickname, the ‘Duck King’! Mohenjo-Daro is the largest of all the Indus cities and it is estimated to have spread over an area of 200 hectares. Ans. These suggest a planned layout. The basin exhibits a remarkable knowledge of hydraulics and tides, which further supports the assumption that this was a dock and not an irrigation tank, as some archaeologists contend. Only 1. The part of the west was smaller but higher are describe as (a) Uppardel (b) … Other important urban centres included Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Ganeriwala, Rakhigarhi, Kalibangan, Rupar and Lothal. C. Kalibangan – decorated bricks, bangle factory, wheels of a toy cart, … Fire altars have been discovered at Kalibangan. Indus Valley Civilization (2900 – 1700 BC) ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION • The archaeological findings excavated near the Indus Valley revealed the gradual development and four important stages or phases of evolution and they are named as pre-Harappan, early-Harappan, mature-Harappan and late Harappan.

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