Also Keystone City is a Kansas city where The Flash works and lives. Alton and Lebanon are approximately 50 miles (80 km) apart. [79] The drastic tax cuts had "threatened the viability of schools and infrastructure" in Kansas. For the river, see, Map of the United States with Kansas highlighted, Cazorla, Frank, G. Baena, Rosa, Polo, David, Reder Gadow, Marion (2019) Luis de Unzaga (1717-1793) Pioneer in the birth of the United States and in the liberalism. Davids is the second Native American to represent Kansas in Congress, after Republican Charles Curtis (Kaw). Moran: "Amtrak Is Not Doing Its Job", Vote by Kansas School Board Favors Evolution's Doubters, "Kansas Lawmakers Set Minimum Marriage Age to 15", "Kansas Governor Rejects Two Coal-Fired Power Plants", "Here Are America's Least (and Most) Popular Governors", "Kansas governor eliminates state's art funding", "Hundreds rally against closing SRS office", "Lawrence City Commission approves funding for SRS office", "Laura Kelly, a Kansas Democrat, Tops Kobach in Governor's Race", "Democrat Laura Kelly defeats Kris Kobach to become Kansas' next governor", "Liquor Licensee and Supplier Information", "History of Alcoholic Beverages in Kansas", "Kansas March—Kansapedia—Kansas Historical Society", "Guinness World Records: Kansas venue is world's oldest cinema", "Oldest purpose-built cinema in operation", "PBR: Toto—we're not in Kansas any more ...", Loss of NCAA headquarters not related to incentives, Longer list of books about the history of Kansas, USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of Kansas, List of unincorporated communities in Kansas, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kansas&oldid=1001043569, States and territories established in 1861, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures For Various Kansas Cities (°F), 0.1% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, The protagonist brothers of the 2005 TV show, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 00:14. Winters are highly changeable between warm and very cold. Various cities and counties in Kansas have an additional local sales tax. And when Bill Snyder arrived to coach at K-State in 1989, he turned the Wildcats from one of the worst college football programs in America,[119] into a national force for most of the 1990s and early 2000s. [98], Democrat Laura Kelly defeated former Secretary of State of Kansas Kris Kobach in the 2018 election for Governor with 48.0% of the vote.[99][100]. The state is divided into 105 counties with 628 cities, with its largest county by area being Butler County. However, scholars of the language translate it as 'place of strong current.' Missouri and Arkansas sent settlers into Kansas all along its eastern border. Thus, the area was a hotbed of violence and chaos in its early days as these forces collided, and was known as Bleeding Kansas. The tribe's name (natively kką:ze) is often said to mean "people of the (south) wind" although this was probably not the term's original meaning. The attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer, and state insurance commissioner are each elected separately. I-335 and portions of I-35 and I-70 make up the Kansas Turnpike. [40] The state's agricultural outputs are cattle, sheep, wheat, sorghum, soybeans, cotton, hogs, corn, and salt. According to the Köppen climate classification, Kansas's climate can be characterized in terms of three types: it has humid continental, semi-arid steppe, and humid subtropical. I’ve answered many questions in articles, and I’ve assembled those articles into this handy-dandy one-stop reference about Native American DNA testing. The definition of KIAANAFH by AcronymAndSlang.com West of Hays, population drops dramatically, even in areas along I-70, and only two towns containing populations of more than 4,000: Colby and Goodland, which are located 35 miles (56 km) apart along I-70. The neighboring city of Frontenac in 1888 was the site of the worst mine disaster in the state in which an underground explosion killed 47 miners. [64] Other fast-growing cities include Andover, Maize, Park City, Derby, and Haysville. ... A tribe of Native Americans, most populous in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Coordinates: 38°29′37″N 98°22′49″W / 38.4937°N 98.3804°W / 38.4937; -98.3804 (State of Kansas), This article is about the State of Kansas. The explorers met a group of Native Americans known as the Ugakhpah (which means "people who live downstream"). The Organizations, Education Schools etc. Summers are hot, often very hot, and generally less humid. In lieu of the state retail sales tax, a 10% Liquor Drink Tax is collected for liquor consumed on the licensed premises and an 8% Liquor Enforcement Tax is collected on retail purchases. Average monthly production was over 32 billion cubic feet (0.91 cubic kilometers). The first section of Interstate in the nation was opened on Interstate 70 (I-70) just west of Topeka on November 14, 1956.[84]. If there had been no change in sales tax rates or in the economy, the total sales tax collections for 2003 would have been $1,797 million, compared to $805.3 million in 1990. In the state's southeastern part, people often use Tulsa International Airport in Tulsa, Oklahoma or Joplin Regional Airport in Joplin, Missouri. Kansas averages more than 50 tornadoes annually. [71] According to the Kansas Department of Labor's 2016 report, the average annual wage was $42,930 in 2015. The Jayhawks won the Orange Bowl for the first time in three tries in 2008, capping a 12–1 season, the best in school history. Wichita's population growth has grown by double digits and the surrounding suburbs are among the fastest growing cities in the state. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska to the north; Missouri to the east; Oklahoma to the south; and Colorado to the west. I try to use my or a native language everyday no matter how much I know. The name "Kansas" comes from the native American Kaws or Kansa people (a Sioux tribe), All State Name Origins. During his campaign for the 2010 election, Governor Sam Brownback called for a complete "phase out of Kansas's income tax". Both times, the standards were reversed after changes in the composition of the board in the next election. He was roundly condemned by both the conventional Confederate military and the partisan rangers commissioned by the Missouri legislature. Mendota - The name "Mendota" is derived from a Native American word meaning "junction of two trails". The cities of Olathe, Shawnee, De Soto and Gardner have some of the state's fastest growing populations. [88] Amtrak is proposing to modify the Southwest Chief from its status as a direct passenger rail operation. The Plaza Cinema in Ottawa, Kansas, located in the northeastern portion of the state, was built on May 22, 1907, and it is listed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest operating cinema in the world. Laura Ingalls Wilder's Little House on the Prairie, published in 1935, is another well-known tale about Kansas. As an agricultural state, Kansas is particularly vulnerable. Before European colonization, Kansas was occupied by the Caddoan Wichita and later the Siouan Kaw people. Also, the National Hot Rod Association (NHRA) holds drag racing events at Heartland Park Topeka. — Quote from Comanche Chief Ten Bears at 1867 Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty. Kansas Territory stretched all the way to the Continental Divide and included the sites of present-day Denver, Colorado Springs, and Pueblo. Dodge City, famously known for the cattle drive days of the late 19th century, was built along the old Santa Fe Trail route. Several large aircraft corporations have manufacturing facilities in Wichita and Kansas City, including Spirit AeroSystems, Bombardier Aerospace (LearJet), and Textron Aviation (a merger of the former Cessna, Hawker, and Beechcraft brands). Wild Bill Hickok was a deputy marshal at Fort Riley and a marshal at Hays and Abilene. The abolitionists prevailed, and on January 29, 1861,[18][19] Kansas entered the Union as a free state, hence the unofficial nickname "The Free State". 82,276 sq. It is also the home of Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center, Prairie Dunes Country Club and the Kansas State Fair. Much of the architecture and decor of this town has a distinctly Swedish style. Also, combined with humidity between 85 and 95 percent, dangerous heat indices can be experienced at every hour of the day. mi. Foundation Malaga, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (. To the east along Interstate 70, the historic city of Abilene was formerly a trailhead for the Chisholm Trail and was the boyhood home of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and is the site of his Presidential Library and the tombs of the former president, First Lady and son who died in infancy. As of June 2004, Moody's Investors Service ranked the state 14th for net tax-supported debt per capita. [38] The center of population of Kansas is located in Chase County, at .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}38°27′N 96°32′W / 38.450°N 96.533°W / 38.450; -96.533, approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) north of the community of Strong City. As of November 2006, Kansas still has 29 dry counties and only 17 counties have passed liquor-by-the-drink with no food sales requirement. This AstrologyBay article consists of the 12 Native American astrological signs and their meanings. Since the mid-20th century, Kansas has remained one of the most socially conservative states in the nation. [62] Wichita is the largest city in the state in terms of both land area and population. Major companies headquartered in Kansas include the Sprint Corporation (with world headquarters in Overland Park), YRC Worldwide (Overland Park), Garmin (Olathe), Payless Shoes (national headquarters and major distribution facilities in Topeka), and Koch Industries (with national headquarters in Wichita), and Coleman (headquarters in Wichita) . The name "Kansas" comes from the native American Kaws or Kansa people (a Sioux tribe),  All State Name Origins, According to Kansas Historical Society; "The Kaw tribe derived its name from the Siouan aca, “Southwind.” Among the many variations of the name given by French traders and other Europeans were “Kanza” or “Kansa.” By the mid-18th century, the “People of the Southwind” were the predominant tribe in what became the state to which they gave their name.". [11] Kansas is bordered by Nebraska to the north; Missouri to the east; Oklahoma to the south; and Colorado to the west. According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial makeup of the population was: Ethnically 10.5% of the total population was of Hispanic or Latino origin (they may be of any race).[42]. Many of those airfields live on today as municipal airports. Kansas, constituent state of the United States of America. "[94] However, shortly after Mark Parkinson became governor in 2009 upon Sebelius's resignation to become Secretary of U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Parkinson announced a compromise plan to allow construction of a coal-fired plant. The teams are rivals in the Big 12 Conference. The state anthem is the American classic Home on the Range, written by Kansan Brewster Higley. [103] Today there are more than 2,600 liquor and 4,000 cereal malt beverage licensees in the state.[104]. As a percentage of personal income, it was at 3.8%—above the median value of 2.5% for all rated states and having risen from a value of less than 1% in 1992. Located midway between Kansas City, Topeka, and Wichita in the heart of the Bluestem Region of the Flint Hills, the city of Emporia has several nationally registered historic places and is the home of Emporia State University, well known for its Teachers College. Salina is the largest city in central and north-central Kansas. U.S. Route 69 (US-69) travels south to north, from Oklahoma to Missouri. My ancestors will hear me. Native definition, being the place or environment in which a person was born or a thing came into being: one's native land. The permanent lighting system was first used for an exhibition game on April 17, 1930 between the Independence Producers and House of David semi-professional baseball team of Benton Harbor, Michigan with the Independence team winning 9–1 before a crowd of 1,700 spectators. Mount Sunflower is Kansas's highest point at 4,039 feet (1,231 meters).[21]. Except during the 2001 recession (March–November 2001), when monthly sales tax collections were flat, collections have trended higher as the economy has grown and two rate increases have been enacted. [51] The church has garnered worldwide media attention for picketing the funerals of U.S. servicemen and women for what church members claim as "necessary to combat the fight for equality for gays and lesbians". [66], Total Employment of the metropolitan areas in the State of Kansas by total Non-farm Employment in 2016[67], Total Number of employer establishments in 2016: 74,884[69], The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Kansas's total gross domestic product in 2014 was US$140.964 billion. [10] Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita. The industrial outputs are transportation equipment, commercial and private aircraft, food processing, publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, and mining. Tax is collected by the Kansas Department of Revenue. Thus, Kansas is the country's ninth or tenth sunniest state, depending on the source. 4> Indian Name Meaning 5> Ojibwa - Personal And Place Names 6> Ojibwa - Animals, Birds and Trees 7> Indian Names of Places 8> Indian Tribe Meaning 9> State With Indian Names 10> State Origin, Admin. KU is fifth all-time with 15 Final Four appearances, while K-State's four appearances are tied for 17th. To the west, nearly a quarter million people reside in the Topeka metropolitan area. Routes 83 and 81, as well as the southwestern portion of the state along and south of U.S. 50, reach 90 °F (32 °C) or above on most days of June, July, and August. Built at a Kansas River crossing along the old Oregon Trail, this historic city has several nationally registered historic places. The Fort Hays State University men won the 1996 NCAA Division II title with a 34–0 record, and the Washburn women won the 2005 NCAA Division II crown. The western two-thirds of the state, lying in the great central plain of the United States, has a generally flat or undulating surface, while the eastern third has many hills and forests. The tax reform "encouraged tens of thousands of Kansans to claim their wages and salaries as income from a business rather than from employment. Historically, Kansans have supported the major league sports teams of Kansas City, Missouri, including the Kansas City Royals (MLB), and the Kansas City Chiefs (NFL), in part because the home stadiums for these teams are a few miles from the Kansas border. Information and translations of Kansas in the most comprehensive … Historically, Kansas has been strongly Republican, dating from the Antebellum age when the Republican Party was created out of the movement opposing the extension of slavery into Kansas Territory. Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Native American. From 2013 to 2017, 300,000 businesses were considered to be pass-through income entities and benefited from the tax exemption. originated in a sermon of Sheldon's at Central Congregational Church. Brownback vetoed the bill but "45 GOP legislators had voted in favor of the increase, while 40 voted to uphold the governor's veto. By state statute, cities are divided into three classes as determined by the population obtained "by any census of enumeration". The Fox Theater in Hutchinson was built in 1930, and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. See more. [36] This includes a natural increase since the last census of 93,899 (246,484 births minus 152,585 deaths) and a decrease due to net migration of 20,742 people out of the state. Further westward along Interstate 70 and the Kansas River is Junction City with its historic limestone and brick buildings and nearby Fort Riley, well known as the home to the U.S. Army's 1st Infantry Division (nicknamed "the Big Red One"). Merrimac - name taken from the nearby Meramec River whose name was translated as 'Ugly Water' from Algonquian by French Jesuits in the area. Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state on January 29, 1861, making it the 34th state to join the United States. Many junior colleges also have active athletic programs. Some of these storms become supercell thunderstorms; these can produce some tornadoes, occasionally those of EF3 strength or higher. If you want a distinctive and beautiful Native American name, look no further. The Kansas Air National Guard has units at Forbes Field in Topeka and the 184th Intelligence Wing in Wichita. Overland Park, a young city incorporated in 1960, has the largest population and the largest land area in the county. Lying amid the westward-rising landscape of the Great Plains of the North American continent, Kansas became the 34th state on … The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, geographic center of the 48 contiguous states, Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site, National Agricultural Center and Hall of Fame, Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport, Kansas Supreme Court Nominating Commission, U.S. Congressional Delegations from Kansas, List of college athletic programs in Kansas, Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletics Association, Kansas Jayhawk Community College Conference, Kansas State High School Activities Association, National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas, "Kansas State Nickname—The Sunflower State", "State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates", "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Governor's Signature Makes English the Official Language of Kansas", "Current Lists of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas and Delineations", "Kansas Historical Quarterly—A Review of Early Navigation on the Kansas River—Kansas Historical Society", "Mount Sunflower—Kansas, United States • peakery", "Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations in the United States", "Annual Average Number of Tornadoes, 1953–2004", "Goodland Weather—Kansas—Average Temperatures and Rainfall", "Concordia Weather—Kansas—Average Temperatures and Rainfall", "Dodge City Weather—Kansas—Average Temperatures and Rainfall", "Topeka Weather—Kansas—Average Temperatures and Rainfall", "Wichita Weather—Kansas—Average Temperatures and Rainfall", "Population and Population Centers by State", "Rural Kansas is dying. The name's meaning is of the downriver people; of the south wind; from Arkansas, USA. Kansas is named after the Kansas River, which in turn was named after the Kansa Native Americans who lived along its banks. The state's current delegation to the Congress of the United States includes Republican Senators Pat Roberts of Dodge City and Jerry Moran of Manhattan; and Republican Representatives Roger Marshall of Great Bend (District 1), Steve Watkins (District 2), Ron Estes of Wichita (District 4), and Democratic Representative Sharice Davids (District 3). The Chiefs and the Royals play at the Truman Sports Complex, located about 10 miles (16 km) from the Kansas–Missouri state line. I-35 is a major north–south route connecting to Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Des Moines, Iowa. Another song, the official state march adopted by the Kansas Legislature in 1935 is called The Kansas March, which features the lyrics, "Blue sky above us, silken strands of heat, Rim of the far horizon, where earth and heaven meet, Kansas as a temple, stands in velvet sod, Shrine which the sunshine, sanctifies to God."[105]. [25] Kansas is located equidistant from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Abilene was the boyhood home to Republican president Dwight D. Eisenhower, and he maintained lifelong ties to family and friends there. The court has seven judges. "[74], The economic growth that Brownback anticipated never materialized. Plans call for shortening the route to Los Angeles to Albuquerque. Approximately 40% of all winter wheat grown in the US is grown in Kansas. Mexicans are present in the southwest and make up nearly half the population in certain counties. The Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference has its roots as one of the oldest college sport conferences in existence and participates in the NAIA and all ten member schools are in the state of Kansas. During World War II, Kansas was home to numerous Army Air Corps training fields for training new pilots and aircrew. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was acquired by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. He made cuts to education and some state services to offset lost revenue. It was also the home of newspaper man William Allen White. The Kansas River (locally known as the Kaw), formed by the junction of the Smoky Hill and Republican rivers at appropriately-named Junction City, joins the Missouri River at Kansas City, after a course of 170 mi (270 km) across the northeastern part of the state. [93] Suffrage in all states would not be guaranteed until ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920. The governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket. Further up the Missouri River, the city of Lansing is the home of the state's first maximum-security prison. [65] To the southwest of Wichita is Freeport, the state's smallest incorporated city (population 5). The population of Goddard has grown by more than 11% per year since 2000. Topeka is also home of the Westboro Baptist Church, a hate group according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. Western Kansas is as sunny as parts of California and Arizona. Wichita State University, which also fields teams (called the Shockers) in Division I of the NCAA, is best known for its baseball and basketball programs. [63] With a number of nationally registered historic places, museums, and other entertainment destinations, it has a desire to become a cultural mecca in the Midwest. By 2015, Kansas was one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of wheat, corn, sorghum, and soybeans. Frost-free days range from more than 200 days in the south, to 130 days in the northwest. Out of all the cities in these Midwestern states, 89% have fewer than 3,000 people, and hundreds of those have fewer than 1,000. No, but I want to; No and I don’t care. The Native Americans found their inspiration in the midst of nature. What does Kansas mean? What it means to be Native American in today’s society Indigenous people see their past…in their present . Published in 1935, is another well-known tale about Kansas private employer in the Elite eight, KU taking game. First permanent settlement of white Americans in 1827, Fort Leavenworth became the winningest NCAA II! Fastest growing cities in the future state. [ 113 ] duty and... Cereal malt beverage licensees in the 1995 season on its march to state! Hunted large herds of bison, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown.. Also Keystone city is a major north–south route connecting to Oklahoma city, with the of! 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