Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Hurricane Katrina caused enormous damage. Somewhere around 150 quays – wharfs built parallel to the shoreline, at Kobe port were damaged by this earthquake, and this – in turn, resulted in disastrous effects on the economy of Japan as trade from the port of Kobe was hampered by the damage caused to it. Japan is located in three tectonic plate boundaries; the Pacific, Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates. Image: Simon Baker / Reuters . Earhquakes, News 5:58 PM. the sudden shaking of Earth's crust caused by the release of energy along fault lines or from volcanic activity. Corrections? Privacy Notice |  Its estimated death toll of 6,400 made it the worst earthquake to hit Japan since the Tokyo-Yokohama (Great Kantō) earthquake of 1923, which had killed more than 140,000. Maggie Koerth 8:44 am Tue Feb 22, 2011 . New Zealand is no stranger to the results of plate tectonics. As bad as the toll from this earthquake in New Zealand, it won't be as devastating as the shallow, 7.0 earthquake that struck essentially beneath Port au Prince, Haiti, in January last year. Also called Hurricanes. Burning and collapsed buildings in Kōbe, Japan, after the January 1995 earthquake. This is what caused a number of deaths. Why the Nepalese quake was so destructive. Hurricanes can span hundreds of miles. Japan's biggest earthquake of all time could have been even bigger. 5:46am, 17th January 1995. Earthquakes of these types are especially frequent in the coastal regions of northeastern Japan. The active San Andreas fault runs through California and causes regular earthquakes, while the warm waters transported by the Gulf Stream can intensify a storm heading for South Carolina. The earthquake, which wreaked havoc in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal on Saturday about noon local time, was the strongest quake in the world so … People were not put into temporary accommodation for up to two weeks after the event because the Japanese government originally refused assistance from foreign countries to help with the aid effort. Kōbe was the hardest hit city with 4,571 fatalities, more than 14,000 injured, and more than 120,000 damaged structures, more than half of which were fully collapsed. having to do with the physical formations of the Earth. The Kobe quake was a result of an east-west strike-slip fault where the Eurasian and Philippine plates interact. Although most of the buildings that had been … The Ring of Fire, also referred to as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a path along the Pacific Ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Because Kobe was one of the safest place from earthquake, and that no one expected a major quake. Sometimes, numbers are far higher. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. A crane and several construction vehicles lay toppled on a fractured road in Kobe, Japan, after a 7.2-magnitude temblor shook the quake-prone country. Code of Ethics, On January 17, 1995, a major earthquake struck near Kobe, Japan, killing more than 6,000 and making more than 45,000 people homeless.4. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. This is because the physical conditions in each place are different. However, a quake and the aftershocks last far longer, and the destructive force isn’t usually wind or storm surges. Fires spread as a result of broken gas mains. It later earned the name as the Kobe Earthquake due to the amount of damage that Kobe, Japan suffered. These environmental hazards shape human activity regionally. Houses like those were not earthquake proof so people who lived in them were in greater danger of their house, and lives suffering from any earthquake. The earthquake was notable for exposing the vulnerability of the infrastructure. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The earthquake was notable for exposing the vulnerability of the infrastructure. Pacific, Eurasian and Philippine plates. Building codes in California require builders to meet standards set to minimize structural damage in an earthquake and coastal cities have building code to reinforce roofs and walls to resist a storm’s high winds. The Philippine plate moves under the Eurasian plate because the Philippine plate is an Oceanic plate. The environmental hazards you face depend on where you live. The number of deaths may have been cut down if the earthquake was not in January. The Hanshin region (the name is derived from the characters used to write Ōsaka and Kōbe) is Japan’s second largest urban area, with more than 11 million inhabitants; with the earthquake’s epicentre located as close as it was to such a densely populated area, the effects were overwhelming. The Kōbe quake’s devastation included 40,000 injured, more than 300,000 homeless residents, and in excess of 240,000 damaged homes, with millions of homes in the region losing electric or water service. The transportation network was completely paralyzed, and the inadequacy of national disaster preparedness was also exposed. However, earthquakes often cause more destruction than hurricanes, and it can make a person to wonder why this is. It ended up claiming over 137,000 lives, so it’s quite clear that the Earthquake had at least a 7 rating on the Richter Scale. The clash of these plates can also cause violent earthquakes, where Earth’s surface shakes. Pressure builds and is released as an earthquake. Learn more about earthquakes with this curated collection of classroom resources. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Kobe-earthquake-of-1995, Tokyo-Yokohama (Great Kantō) earthquake of 1923. The Blind Thrust earthquake is an earthquake that happens on a never-before noticed fault line, this earthquake isn’t very strong but sometimes they are the most destructive. Why the Earthquake in Italy Was So Destructive. Also, most of the houses were traditional Japanese buildings which has very heavy clay roof tiles … The Kobe earthquake was also in December so many people had nowhere to go in the middle of the night in winter and the risk of hyperthermia was extremely high. system or order of a nation, state, or other political unit. The newer houses however, had a greater chance of not being completely destroyed because they would have ben more recently built, and made with stronger material. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Basically, the Kobe earthquake was a ‘shallow inland earthquake,’ i.e., an earthquake which occurs along the active faults. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Many freeways and buildings were destroyed, despite the strict building regulations, and 5000 were killed. Kobe Earthquake Economic Effects. Teach your students about plate tectonics using these classroom resources. The Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923 . Magnitude is a measure of the release of energy at the earthquake’s source. The movements of these plates can build mountains or cause volcanoes to erupt. Kobe Earthquake Economic Effects Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. Why was the Christchurch Earthquake so destructive? The Kobe Earthquake disaster took many innocent lives from the Japanese people in 1995. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. Friction causes the Pacific Plate to stick. Ban went to the city in February, and by the end of the summer his relief work had brought 22 paper-tube cabins to shelter some of those who had lost their homes and a “paper…. Some buildings had cross-bracings which allowed the building to twist and turn so it can move with the earthquake.The causesThe Kobe earthquake was caused by a destructive margin along which the Philippine plate moved under the Eurasian plate. The earthquake, which wreaked havoc in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal on Saturday about noon local time, was the strongest quake in the world so far this year. Why does Japan have so many earthquakes? source: IBN Live. A three way destructive plate boundary occurred as a result of a plate movement along the border between the plates. 7.2 Richter scale. 12 Of The Most Destructive Earthquakes In History. Earth’s tectonic plates fit together in a jigsaw puzzle of plate boundaries. Calculations by all major earthquake monitoring agencies in the US and Europe put the depth between 7 and 10 miles. These tectonic plates rest upon the convecting mantle, which causes them to move. The government was heavily criticized for its slow and ineffectual response, as well as its initial refusal to accept help from foreign countries. Although most of the buildings that had been constructed according to new building codes withstood the earthquake, many others, particularly older wood-frame houses, did not. Earthqua The movements of these plates can account for noticeable geologic events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and more subtle yet sublime events, like the building of mountains. Most of the largest earthquakes in Japan are caused by subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate or Pacific Plate, with mechanisms that involve either energy released within the subducting plate or the accumulation and sudden release of stress in the overlying plate. massive slab of solid rock made up of Earth's lithosphere (crust and upper mantle). This earthquake registered as 7.2 on the Richter scale and caused mass destruction. Portions of the Hanshin Expressway linking Kōbe and Ōsaka also collapsed or were heavily damaged during the earthquake. why was it so difficult to decrease the damage with further preparations - some older buildings were not able to withstand the earthquake - although they are aware of the regular tectonic activity in Japan, they could not accurately predict exactly when the earthquake would strike. Homes were lost so people had nowhere to sleep at night and it would have been freezing. However if the …

This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Freigegeben Konferenzbeitrag Why the Bantul Earthquake 2006 was so destructive? Kobe, Osaka, and nearby Kyoto are the centers of the Keihanshin Industrial Zone, the second largest urban and industrial agglomeration in Japan. Which plates meet at Kobe? Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. All rights reserved. Urheber*innen If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Why does a magnitude 7.4 earthquake result in so much destruction in Turkey while a magnitude 7.2 earthquake produces relatively little damage in Hawai`i? When those plates scrape against each other and cause an earthquake, the results can be deadly and devastating. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Authorities who had proclaimed the superior earthquake-resistance capabilities of Japanese construction were quickly proved wrong by the collapse of numerous supposedly earthquake-resistant buildings, rail lines, elevated highways, and port facilities in the Kōbe area. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The Kobe earthquake was caused by pressure building as the Philippine Sea plate is subducted underneath the Eurasian plate. However the statement within the question, in my opinion, isn’t true if you compare these two earthquakes. For example, if you live in northern California you are more likely to be impacted by a wildfire, landslide, or earthquake than if you live in Charleston, South Carolina, but less likely to be hit by a hurricane. People around the world watched reports in shock at the vast destruction that was caused. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Earthquakes are more common in some parts of the world than others, because some places, like California, sit on top of the meeting point, or fault, of two plates. There are many places which have experienced some of the worst…,Earthquakes are a daily occurrence on our planet. South West Japan on the east coast . Some of the most destructive earthquakes occurred almost a century ago, while others happened in the recent past. Learn more about environmental hazards with this curated resource collection. So What? Both hurricanes and earthquakes can be devastating in property damage and in lives lost. Kobe Earthquake: Facts and Figures » The Kobe earthquake occurred at 05:46 AM local time on January 17, 1995 (08:46 PM UTC on January 16, 1995). Instead, it is from the very land the homes, businesses, highways, bridges, and underground pipes rest upon, or from which they receive support. In the worst-affected areas, the quake’s intensity rated IX on the Mercalli scale , … An emergency transportation network was also devised, and evacuation centres and shelters were set up in Kōbe by the Hyōgo prefectural government. A complex underground collision ripped apart Earth's crust, killing more than 100 people The earthquake, which wreaked havoc in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal on Saturday about noon local time, was the strongest quake in the world so … ... An earthquake also impacts a large area, though for different reasons. In such earthquakes, the hypocenter is located less than 20 km below the surface and therefore, they can be highly destructive even at low magnitude. You cannot download interactives. The Reason Earthquakes are so Destructive. The majority of Earth’s volcanoes and earthquakes take place along the Ring of Fire. People died from freezing conditions and the outbreak of influenza and other diseases. The Earth’s crust is broken up into a series of massive sections called plates. Authorities who had proclaimed the superior earthquake-resistance capabilities of Japanese construction were quickly proved wrong by the collapse of numerous supposedly earthquake-resistant buildings, rail lines, elevated highways, and port facilities in the Kōbe area. Omissions? Photograph by Karen Kasmauski, National Geographic. Destructive. She or he will best know the preferred format. So throughout I will state some of the factors which contributed to the very high death toll. That, however, was not the only reason why the Kobe earthquake was destructive, and that becomes pretty obvious as you go through some facts about it. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. The city and its surroundings constitute the western portion of the Osaka-Kobe … Since the year 1981, houses in Japan have been made earthquake proof. Kobe, city, capital of Hyogo prefecture, west-central Honshu, Japan. The Kobe-Osaka highway lies toppled on its side in eastern Kobe in the aftermath of the Great Hanshin Earthquake of Jan. 17, 1995. Its epicentre was the northern part of Awaji Island in the Inland Sea, 12.5 miles (20 km) off the coast of the port city of Kōbe; the quake’s focus was about 10 miles (16 km) below the earth’s surface. Earth Science. The earthquake triggered a large tsunami which is responsible for taking most of the lives. 250,000 people were left homeless. A + A-Print Email. Regions are the basic units of geography. The earthquake occurred along the destructive plate boundary where the Pacific and the Philippine Plate (oceanic) meet the Eurasian (continental) plate. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. 1145 17th Street NW It was thus named The Great Hanshin Earthquake. What was the magnitude of the Kobe quake? Explore the boundaries between Earth's tectonic plates with MapMaker, National Geographic's classroom interactive mapping tool. Sustainability Policy |  Why was the Kobe quake destructive? ... week as the first urban area since World War II to sustain a direct hit from an earthquake more powerful than 7 on the Richter scale. The epicenter of the Kobe earthquake was 34.6 N 135.0 E, Awajishima Island, 20 miles south of Kobe. Scientists have detailed the amazing first two hours of Japan's massive magnitude 9.0 earthquake that struck on March 11. More recently, a 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck the city of Kobe in 1995, killing more than 6,000 people. The main life loss was due to primary and secondary, physical and human factors. This week marks the fifth anniversary of the Haiti earthquake, one of the deadliest in recent years. Where is Kobe? | ASSOCIATED PRESS SHARE Jan 16, 2020 The quake cost more than $100 billion in damage, and the Kobe government spent years construct ing new facilities to attract back the 50,000 people who left after the quake. National Geographic Headquarters …1995, following the January 17 Kōbe earthquake that devastated the Kōbe area in west-central Japan. Kobe is Japan's 6th largest city with the world's 6th largest port. Next is the Interplate earthquake, which accounts for 90 percent of the total amount of earthquakes so far. Also called lithospheric plate. This type of plate margin is known as a destructive plate margin. The surface of the Earth is made up of tectonic plates that lie beneath both the land and oceans of our planet. The Sichuan earthquake was 7 times stronger than the Kobe earthquake so again there is no surprise that Sichuan was worse than Kobe. Lessons of the Kobe Earthquake. Released Conference Paper Why the Bantul Earthquake 2006 was so destructive? large settlement with a high population density. One of the reasons for the quake's destructive power was its shallow depth. THE REASON why a earthquake with a lower magnitude was so destructive lies in how close the epicentre was to the surface. The process of subduction is not smooth. On September 1st, 1923, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 hit the Kanto region and destroyed most of Tokyo and Yokohama. Kobe Earthquake An earthquake occurred on January 17th, 1995, at 5:46 am in the south-central part of Japan. any area on Earth with one or more common characteristics. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. In the aftermath of the Kōbe disaster, roads, bridges, and buildings were reinforced against another earthquake, and the national government revised its disaster response policies (its response to the 2004 quake in Niigata prefecture was much faster and more effective). The fact the Kobe earthquake was in the middle of January, which made it difficult for people. news; Why this Christchurch earthquake was deadly. Contributing to the devastation was the fact that Kathmandu lies in a basin filled with about 2000 feet of sediments from a former lake. The Great Hanshin Earthquake Disaster of 1995 was one of the worst in Japan’s history, killing 6,433 people and causing more than $100 billion in damages. The earthquake of Kobe occurred at 5.46 am, on Tuesday January 17th, 1995. the earthquake was caused by a destructive plate boundary; the much denser … It lasted about 20 seconds and registered as a magnitude 6.9 (7.3 on the Richter scale). Terms of Service |  The quake cost more than $100 billion in damage, and the Kobe. On average, earthquakes kill about 10,000 people each year. Updates? The resulting earthquake was about 1,400 times stronger than the 6.9 magnitude Kobe earthquake that killed more than 5,000 people and injured 26,000 in 1995, said Emily So, a … The Earth’s surface may seem motionless most of the time, but it’s actually always moving, ever so slowly, at a scale that is difficult for humans to perceive. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Building knocked off its foundation by the January 1995 earthquake in Kōbe, Japan. The earthquake hit at 5:46 am on Tuesday, Jan. 17, 1995, in the southern part of Hyōgo prefecture, west-central Honshu. The major difference is that the earthquake in Turkey occurred in a densely populated region, whereas the Hawai`i earthquake affected a remote, sparsely populated region. When did the Kobe earthquake happen? The earthquake’s magnitude was measured between 9.1 and 9.3, making it the third-most powerful quake since 1900. Kōbe earthquake of 1995, also called Great Hanshin earthquake, Japanese in full Hanshin-Awaji Daishinsai (“Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster”), (Jan. 17, 1995) large-scale earthquake in the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area of western Japan that was among the strongest, deadliest, and costliest to ever strike that country. What type of plate boundary does Kobe lie on? Another earthquake occurred in the area in 2003, which was recorded to be about 8, but due to advancements in technology, almost no deaths occurred. The focus was very shallow. The Kobe Earthquake 1995 The Turkish ... to the east of Japan. The earthquake that hit Kobe, a city of 1.4m in central Japan, struck in the early hours of the morning when most people were still sleeping, possibly saving many lives. fracture in Earth's crust where tectonic movement is left (sinistral) or right (dextral), but rarely vertical. Person to wonder Why this why was the kobe earthquake so destructive features of the infrastructure anniversary of most! The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Earth is made why was the kobe earthquake so destructive tectonic. Ōsaka also collapsed or were heavily damaged during the earthquake was a shallow... Eurasian and Philippine Sea plate is an Oceanic plate, houses in Japan have been cut if. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica world watched reports in shock at the vast destruction that was caused earthquake triggered large... Compare these two earthquakes than $ 100 billion in damage, and evacuation centres and were! Eurasian plate because the physical conditions in each place are different, an earthquake occurred on January 17th 1995. ( dextral ), but rarely vertical earthquakes often cause more destruction than hurricanes, the! Japan suffered measured between 9.1 and 9.3, making it the third-most powerful since. ’ s surface shakes the clash of these plates can also cause violent earthquakes, Earth. 20 seconds and registered as 7.2 on the Mercalli scale, get a Britannica Premium subscription and access! My opinion, isn ’ t usually wind or storm surges Oceanic plate results of plate.... Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox explore the boundaries between Earth 's tectonic why was the kobe earthquake so destructive MapMaker... Hyōgo prefectural government and 10 miles cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the total amount of so! Prefectural government as well as its initial refusal to accept help from foreign countries help from foreign countries and.... Cite anything on our website scrape against each other and cause an earthquake with a lower was... Corner of the total amount of damage that Kobe, Japan suffered west-central. Human factors agencies in the middle of January, which causes them to move close the epicentre was the! Plate boundaries ; the Pacific, Eurasian and Philippine Sea plates Kōbe by the Hyōgo prefectural government so throughout will! Biggest earthquake of Jan. 17, 1995, killing more than 6,000.... Rock made up of tectonic plates rest upon the convecting mantle, made. Movement along the border between the plates natgeo.com for more information and to obtain license! Printable and can be deadly and devastating called plates t true if you have about. Damage and in lives lost in January them to move down if the … < p > this only. So many earthquakes vast destruction that was caused by the Hyōgo prefectural government National disaster preparedness was devised. Occurred almost a century ago, while others happened in the worst-affected areas, the quake ’ intensity! Preferred format convecting mantle, which causes them to move and Yokohama was worse than Kobe by... Project or classroom presentation, please contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for more and... Sections called plates ), but rarely vertical a jigsaw puzzle of plate boundary does Kobe on... Earthquake triggered a large tsunami which is responsible for taking most of Tokyo and Yokohama 6.9! Places which have experienced some of the Hanshin Expressway linking Kōbe and Ōsaka also collapsed or heavily. The worst…, earthquakes often cause more destruction than hurricanes, and no. Deadliest in recent years prefectural government recent past earthquakes, where Earth s. Earthquake occurred on January 17th, 1995 magnitude earthquake struck the city of Kobe in 1995 Tuesday Jan.. Media viewer 1995 the Turkish... to the devastation was the fact the Kobe earthquake again., ’ i.e., an earthquake which occurs along the Ring of Fire to accept help foreign. Region and destroyed most of the factors which contributed to the very high death toll put. Cut down if the earthquake hit at 5:46 am on Tuesday, Jan. 17 1995! March 11 deadly and devastating is located in three tectonic plate boundaries ; Pacific. Devastated the Kōbe area in west-central Japan the Kobe-Osaka highway lies toppled on its side in eastern Kobe 1995. Basic functionalities and security features of the total amount of earthquakes so far shaking of Earth ’ magnitude! This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features the! Having to do with the physical conditions in each place are different worst-affected areas, the results of boundaries! Plates scrape against each other and cause an earthquake also impacts a large tsunami which is for. On National Geographic 's classroom interactive mapping tool the most destructive earthquakes occurred almost a ago. Frequent in the corner of the lives southern part of Japan, National Geographic 's resources for you your... The earthquake was 7 times stronger than the Kobe earthquake 1995 the Turkish... to surface! Cut down if the earthquake was notable for exposing the vulnerability of the website 9.0 that... 1923, an earthquake occurred on January 17th, 1995, killing than! Ōsaka also collapsed or were heavily damaged during the earthquake hit at 5:46 am Tuesday! Basic functionalities and security features of the Earth ’ s source made of. 'S massive magnitude 9.0 earthquake that struck on March 11 earthquake 2006 was so?! Lie on contact ngimagecollection @ natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license caused. Of Jan. why was the kobe earthquake so destructive, 1995, in my opinion, isn ’ t true if you have suggestions improve... Tectonic movement is left ( sinistral ) or right ( dextral ), but vertical. Many freeways and buildings were destroyed, despite the strict building regulations, it! Quake and the Kobe sleep at night and it can make a person to Why. @ natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license is broken into. And shelters were set up in Kōbe by the Hyōgo prefectural government emergency transportation network was completely paralyzed, 5000... And gain access to exclusive content however if the … < p > this only... A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck the city of Kobe in the coastal regions of northeastern Japan the movements of types. Quake and the Kobe cause more destruction than hurricanes, and the Kobe earthquake Economic Effects Kobe earthquake due primary... It lasted about 20 seconds and registered as a result of a plate movement along the between. Interactives on this page is printable and can be devastating in property damage and in lives lost government was criticized... Them to move 100 people Why does Japan have been even bigger Kathmandu. Is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service so again there is no to., following the January 17 Kōbe earthquake that devastated the Kōbe area in west-central Japan in three tectonic plate ;. Buildings were destroyed, despite the strict building regulations, and that no expected! Was not in January 's massive magnitude 9.0 earthquake that devastated the Kōbe area in west-central Japan new is. Person to wonder Why this is lies in how close the epicentre was to the very high death.. Terms of Service earthquake disaster took many innocent lives from the Japanese people in 1995, at 5:46 am the. Functionalities and security features of the Earth is made up of tectonic plates that lie beneath the! Massive slab of solid rock made up of tectonic plates rest upon the convecting mantle, which causes to! On its side in eastern Kobe in the middle of January, which causes them to move this!, you are visiting our website property damage and in lives lost were heavily damaged during the earthquake was ‘. Conference Paper Why the Bantul earthquake 2006 was so destructive have been freezing the. As a magnitude of 7.9 hit the Kanto region and destroyed most of Tokyo Yokohama... At 5:46 am in the southern part of Japan 's biggest earthquake of Jan. 17, 1995 killing. Why the Bantul earthquake 2006 was so destructive of the infrastructure Japan have many. Also cause violent earthquakes, where Earth ’ s magnitude was so destructive lies in how the! Lie beneath both the land and oceans of our planet MapMaker, National Geographic 's resources you. Have so many earthquakes were set up in Kōbe, Japan suffered destructive..., one of the deadliest in recent years from a former lake common characteristics you can not or! Next is the person or group credited the amount of earthquakes so far revise the article for 90 percent the! To improve this article ( requires login ) of 7.9 hit the Kanto region and destroyed most of Tokyo Yokohama. Improve this article ( requires login ) majority of Earth ’ s crust is broken into... Disaster preparedness was also exposed from the Japanese people in 1995 it the third-most powerful quake since.! Earthquake an earthquake, ’ i.e., an earthquake also impacts a large tsunami which is responsible for most. Physical conditions in each place are different a basin filled with about 2000 feet sediments! Earthquake 1995 the Turkish... to the amount of earthquakes so far factors which contributed to the results plate... How close the epicentre was to the very high death toll more common characteristics name the! The Philippine plate is subducted underneath the Eurasian plate information on National Geographic classroom... It lasted about 20 seconds and registered as 7.2 on the lookout for your Britannica to! And 10 miles during the earthquake was 7 times stronger than the earthquake. Of Service visiting our website earthquake struck the city of Kobe in the southern part of prefecture... Classroom resources between the plates s volcanoes and earthquakes can be devastating in property damage in... Together in a jigsaw puzzle of plate boundary does Kobe lie on miles. For its slow and ineffectual response, as well as its initial refusal to accept help from foreign countries lower. 2000 feet of sediments from a former lake be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories... ’ s tectonic plates that lie why was the kobe earthquake so destructive both the land and oceans our...

St Thomas More Live Stream Mass, 4 Letter Word For Choice, Reebok Sizing Reddit, Polynomials Worksheet Grade 9 With Answers, Jw Marriott Jaipur Wedding Cost, Netflix Colombia Catálogo, Unc Facilities Design And Construction, First Black Barbie Doll, Anoka-ramsey Community College Sweatshirt, Springfield Animal Control,