He was a medicine man " as wily as he was influential." In the 1868 treaty, signed at Fort Laramie and other military posts in Sioux country, the United States recognized the Black Hills as part of the Great Sioux Reservation, set aside for exclusive use by the Sioux people. In the 1860s, the government grouped the Plains Indians into smaller plots of land: mainly the "Great Sioux reservation" in Dakota Territory, and the Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Bozeman War (WY 1866): Sioux, attempting to block constructn of Bozeman Trail to MT gold fields, left no survivors when they ambushed Cpt Fetterman’s command of 81 solds/civs Treaty of Ft. Laramie 1868: gov abandoned B. Trail & Sioux won Great Sioux Reservation Treaty between the Sioux and the US, that established the Great Sioux Reservation, giving the Sioux the present state of South Dakota west of the Missouri River, as well as the right to occupy the Black Hills, sacred land to them, “as long as the grass shall grow” The discovery of gold undermined this. However, in 1874, a new round of warfare began when Custer led a “scientific” expedition into • the Black Hills of South Dakota and announced that he had discovered gold. • Soon, a mass of gold-seekers swarmed into the Sioux … During Custer's Last Stand in 1876, he was " making medicine" while another Indian, Crazy Horse, led the Sioux. It was located in South Dakota and was established by the U.S Government. The Sioux Tribe was originally from the Great Lakes but was quickly migrated to the plains. Great Sioux reservation Why did many Indians surrender their ancestral lands in the 1860s? Apush Chapter 18 Example Questions questionCurtis Act answer1898- This act ended Indian communal land ownership and dissolved Indian Territory. Massacred Custer at Battle of Little Bighorn. They had been promised from Washington that they would be left … Indian Territory area covering most of present-day Oklahoma to which most American Indians in the SE were forced to move in the 1830s Sioux Native Americans in the Dakotas. Sheridan avenged Custer, pacified the northern Plains, and put the defeated Many were later massacred at Wounded Knee in 1890; Displaced from the great lakes; transformed into nomadic traders and […] questionMedicine Lodge Treaty answer1867- ... Great Sioux War. Receding Native Americans Receding Native Population. At Sand Creek, Colorado in 1864, Colonel J. M. Chivington's militia killed 400 innocent Indians. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations The Black Hills of Dakota are sacred to the Sioux Indians. The U. S. agents at the council came with a new federal policy that focused on placing all tribes on reservations. • The “battle” was really a … The Great Sioux Reservation was land set off aside for the Sioux Tribe. Sitting Bull (c. 1831-1890) was a Teton Dakota Native American chief who united the Sioux tribes of the American Great Plains against the white settlers taking their tribal land. The Treaty of Fort Laramie of 1868 established the Great Sioux Reservation which included the sacred Black Hills. The well-armed warriors at first proved to be a superior force. He became a prominent Indian leader during the Sioux Was from 1876-1877. One of the leaders of the Sioux tribe. (See Map 2) Annuities (payments) of food and clothing were to be delivered to Indians living on the reservation. begins amongst the Sioux in Dakota territory – Cultural / Religious Revival – Thought would get rid of the white settlers & return prosperity to the tribe – Federal government wants this to stop • Battle of Wounded Knee (1890) U.S. army go into the Dakotas and killed over 200. • The “Great Sioux Reservation” was now fully guaranteed to the Sioux tribes.

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