In a Word The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. Five key elements of the The term reflects a concern with extending the focus of poverty studies beyond the physical manifestations of poverty to include also vulnerability and social exclusion. (i) Key definitions The term "Sustainable Livelihood" is used here to refer to a livelihood that can cope with and Find out more. One definition is provided by Chambers and Conway (1992) some 5 years before the White Paper: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living; a livelihood is sustainable A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.'. The sustainable livelihoods approach facilitates the identification of practical priorities for actions that are based on the views and interests of those concerned but they are not a panacea. We conclude this unit by drawing your attention to the sustainable livelihoods (SL) approach to development. Some of them may look familiar. Sustainable livelihood. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke natural-resource-based activities, nonnatural resource-based and off-farm activities, migration and remittances, pensions and grants, intensification versus diversification, and short-term versus long-term outcomes, some of which may compete. The sustainable livelihoods framework. [7] These had been found to be too narrow because they focused only on certain aspects or manifestations of poverty, such as low income, or did not consider other vital aspects of poverty such as vulnerability and social exclusion. The objective of the Sustainable Livelihood Program is to reduce poverty and inequality by generating employment among poor households and by moving highly vulnerable households into sustainable livelihoods and toward economic stability. Sustainable Livelihood Approach There are varied definitions of sustainable livelihoods. They provide a way of conceptualising key influences on the livelihoods of poor people, including their vulnerability, their access to assets, and the various factors that influence what they can achieve with these assets. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.” (DFID, 2000) DFID’s biggest aim is the elimination of poverty in poorer countries. What exactly are these „sustainable livelihoods‟ that DFID intends to help create? A central notion is that different households have different access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 IGO license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/igo/) which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the Asian Development Bank, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made. It represents an important shift away from the focus on project inputs and outputs and the assumed mechanical links between them. Sustainable agriculture conserves land, water, and plant and animal genetic resources, and is environmentally non-degrading, technically appropriate, economically viable and socially acceptable.” Through sustainable agriculture, World Neighbors helps communities develop forms of food production that are economically viable, ecologically sound, socially just and supportive of rural culture. SL approaches and frameworks attempting to operationalise these principles received considerable attention from donors (principally DFID) in the last decade of the 20th century, and their explicit use in guiding rural development has since declined. One has a narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income. Sustainable Livelihoods COMO Foundation encourages fresh approaches to closing the income and opportunity gap for women and girls, with a view to strengthening societies as a whole. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. It brings attention to bear on the inherent potential of people in terms of their skills, social networks, access to physical and financial resources, and ability to influence core institutions. It frees development practitioners from conventional approaches that are often restricted to identifying problems and finding solutions. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. This, in turn, can be disaggregated to highlight different sub-components. The use of the Asian Development Bank’s name for any purpose other than for attribution, and the use of the Asian Development Bank’s logo, shall be subject to a separate written license agreement between the Asian Development Bank and the user and is not authorized as part of this CC-IGO license. The main objective of sustainable livelihood approach is a method of analysing and changing the lives of people experiencing poverty to improve their lives. If material is not included in the chapter’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. The vulnerability context includes, ADB (2004) Future solutions now—the tonle sap initiative. But the commonly quoted definition is by Chambers and Conway (1992), “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. The Sustainable Livelihood Program is a capability- building program for poor, vulnerable and marginalized families and individuals in acquiring necessary assets to engage in and maintain thriving livelihoods that help improve their socio- economic conditions. Sustainable livelihood emerges at the intersection of development and environmental studies to offer a new way to think about work, especially the work of vulnerable populations. They enable people to transform one type of asset into another through markets. Any dispute related to the use of the works of the Asian Development Bank that cannot be settled amicably shall be submitted to arbitration pursuant to the UNCITRAL rules. The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities and shows how they relate to one another. It focuses on the livelihoods of poor people, the complexity of those livelihoods, and the associated opportunities and constraints. Livelihood strategies and outcomes are not just dependent on access to capital assets or constrained by the vulnerability context; they are also transformed by the environment of structures and processes. Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. One of the main problems the poor and vulnerable face is that the processes which frame their livelihoods may systematically restrict them unless the government adopts pro-poor policies that, in turn, filter down to legislation and even less formal processes. A wide range of alternative income sources needs to be explored, understood and promoted, including rural enterprise development, collection of medicinal plants and other herbs, tourism, wage labor and remittance work. Poverty-focused development activity should be: SL approaches must be underpinned by a commitment to poverty eradication. Source: Ashley and Carney (1999) p. 4. Some 909 beneficiaries of the Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development received their certificates of completion after finishing a technical vocational skills training course sponsored by the Department in collaboration with Immanuel Global College de Philippines, Inc. (IGCPI), a local technical vocational institution in Cagayan de Oro City. Processes embrace the laws, regulations, policies, operational arrangements, agreements, societal norms, and practices that, in turn, determine the way in which structures operate. A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. The SL approach has had a considerable influence upon the policies and strategies of a number of development agencies, notably the UK's Department for International Development (DFID), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and many non-governmental organisations (NGOs). The livelihoods principles and framework form the basis of all livelihoods programming. It helps formulate development activities that are. Financial capital tends to be the least available livelihood asset of the poor. With our livelihood programme, the Liliane Foundation supports youngsters with disabilities gain a sustainable livelihood, to have access to social protection measures, and to obtain decent work and income. The project targets 22 rural communities with an estimated population of 180,000 people. Part of Springer Nature. Appreciative inquiry is a highly inclusive process that maximizes the positive (as opposed to minimizing the negative) in which a community takes responsibility for generating and gathering information and then forms strategies based on the most positive experiences of the past. It invites them to look at contexts and relationships so that development activities can become more process-oriented. December, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/igo/, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0983-9_5. They have a strong influence on interpersonal relations. Conducted in partnership with the public and private sectors. For example, they can be very helpful in looking at the vulnerability of the poor to climate change and high food prices, at their resilience and ability to adapt, and at ways in which policies can help reduce vulnerability. The sustainable livelihood framework is suitable for this study, the reason being that , analyses of livelihoods using this framework are usually done on entire households. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining natural resource bases. In this paper, I introduce the Household Livelihood Resilience Approach (HLRA), which draws from the sustainable livelihoods approach and it’s five capital assets to measure resilience. Household livelihood security. Documents available: LAT Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit LB Livelihood Baseline LFS Labour Force Surveys NGO Non-governmental organization OCHA Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs PDNA Post-Disaster Needs Assessment PRA Participatory Rapid Assessment / Appraisal SLF Sustainable Livelihoods Framework SSI Semi-structured Interviewing TL Team Leader More recently such approaches have fallen out of favour, but the core principles have become part of much conventional development thinking and continue to be influential. SL approaches to development offer frameworks for analysing livelihoods and identifying entry points for development interventions by donors and governments. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. It must also be made appropriate to local circumstances and local priorities. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from the stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future without undermining the natural resource base (Chambers & Conway). As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. This approach is influenced by many of the themes that we have already looked at in this unit, including those of integrated rural development, basic needs, participation and sustainable development. A livelihood is said to be sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks to maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future. It helps formulate development activities that are. The livelihood assets, which the poor must often make trade-offs and choices about, comprise: Vulnerability is characterized as insecurity in the well-being of individuals, households, and communities in the face of changes in their external environment. The DFID defines a sustainable livelihood (SL) based on capabilities, assets (both material and social resources) and activities required for living. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Knowledge Solutions Sustainable Livelihood Program is a community‐based program which provides capacity building to improve the program participants’ socio‐economic status. Look at contexts and relationships so that development activities can become more process-oriented activity... 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